Barriers to Critical Thinking: Psychological and Sociological Pitfalls
Learners examine the psychological and sociological barriers that interfere with clear communication. They select examples of ad hominem fallacy, bandwagon fallacy, emotional appeals, red herrings, irrelevant appeals to authority, suggestibility and conformity, “poisoning the well’, and “shoehorning.” In an interactive exercise, learners identify ways to overcome these barriers.
Learners examine strategies for evaluating new ideas and accepting change. They consider a list of various reactions to change and a list of actions that enhance teamwork, and check those statements that apply to themselves.