Barriers to Critical Thinking: Psychological and Sociological Pitfalls
Learners examine the psychological and sociological barriers that interfere with clear communication. They select examples of ad hominem fallacy, bandwagon fallacy, emotional appeals, red herrings, irrelevant appeals to authority, suggestibility and conformity, “poisoning the well’, and “shoehorning.” In an interactive exercise, learners identify ways to overcome these barriers.
Learners examine the meaning of oxidation, reduction, and half-reaction, and watch a film showing the deposition of copper metal from the reduction of copper (II) ion by aluminum. A brief quiz completes the activity.
Learners follow the steps for reducing all of the elements of a complex circuit to a single current source and a single source resistance to create a simple circuit. Several examples are given for dc circuits. The conversion between Thevenin and Norton is also presented.
In a series of three interactive exercises, learners explore the relationship between process cycle time and defect detection, and between process cyle time and smaller batch sizes. The techniques of lean/JIT are applied to achieve the continuous improvement (kaizen) goal of reducing inventory by pursuing one-piece flow.