This learning object is designed to assist students in understanding and interpreting collision evidence found in automotive lamps. In particular, the concepts of Hot Shock, Cold Shock, Hot Break, and Cold Break will be visually addressed.
Learners follow the steps for reducing all of the elements of a complex circuit to a single current source and a single source resistance to create a simple circuit. Several examples are given for dc circuits. The conversion between Thevenin and Norton is also presented.