In this animated and interactive object, learners use a color code to understand the operations of a hydraulic circuit. A brief quiz completes the activity.

Learners perform the steps required for the Ziegler-Nichols Reaction Curve Tuning Method. The process identification procedure is performed, calculations are made, and the proper PID values are programmed into the controller.

In this interactive object, learners follow the steps required for the Ziegler-Nichols Continuous Cycling method. The process identification procedure is performed, calculations are made, and the proper PID values are programmed into the controller.

Op Amp Fundamentals: The Transconductance Amplifier

Students read an introduction to the transconductance amplifier. They also view formulas for voltage-to-current conversion, closed-loop input, and output impedance. An example of how R1 controls the conversion factor is given.

Learners read how to create a spreadsheet to determine the voltage drop across a resistor in an AC circuit. The complex functions explained in other learning objects are used in this example.

Op Amp Fundamentals: The Transresistance Amplifier

The current-to-voltage conversion of the transresistance amplifier is examined. The formulas for output voltage and impedance are defined and an example ties the concepts together.